TOPIC VI: BIKING & WALKING ROAD SAFETY

Progress on Pedestrian Safety in the 10 Cities with the Most Pedestrian Deaths

Footnote 59

Pedestrian Fatalities: Total & Per Commuter

Footnote 60

Pedestrian Fatalities: As a Percent of All Traffic Fatalities & Per Capita

Footnote 61

Progress on Bicyclist Safety in the 10 Cities with the Most Bicyclist Deaths

Footnote 62

Bicyclist Fatalities: Total & Per Commuter

Footnote 63

Bicyclist Fatalities: As a Percent of All Traffic Fatalities & Per Capita

Footnote 64

Bicyclist fatalities as a percentage of all traffic fatalities can be a statistic that says as much about the mix of traffic types in a city as it does about bicyclist safety. For example, Minneapolis has one of the five highest shares of bicyclist fatalities as a percentage of all traffic fatalities, but also has one of the ten best rates of bicyclist fatalities per 10k people who bike to work. Taken together, this data suggests that Minneapolis is a safer city for all road users, with a relatively safe bicyclist population that also should be a safety priority given its share of traffic fatalities. In other cities, such as Oklahoma City, wide variations in data are likely related to a relatively small population of people who bike and the lower percentage of traffic fatalities comprised of bicyclists may reflect that many people do not feel safe while bicycling.

Safety in Numbers: Biking

FIGURE 3.6.7 - SAFETY IN NUMBERS: BIKING

Footnote 65

Safety in Numbers: Walking

FIGURE 3.6.8 - SAFETY IN NUMBERS: WALKING

Footnote 66

The evidence-base for the effect of “Safety in Numbers” is discussed in Chapter III: Make Your Case Section II: Safe Transportation. While the relationship between the number of people biking or walking and their relative safety has been established by research, there is ongoing work about the “ dosage” necessary to gain a benefit from safety in numbers and how varying “ dosages” may impact safety. The figures here should not be interpreted to suggest specific relationships between rates of bicycling or walking to work and safety, but generally show the relationship between the two statistics.

59

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx

60

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and American Community Survey Tables B08006 and B01003 5-year estimates (2011 and 2016).

61

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

62

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

63

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

64

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

65

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx

66

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and American Community Survey Tables B08006 and B01003 5-year estimates (2011 and 2016).

67

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

68

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

69

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

70

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

71

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2012-2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySelection/SelectYear.aspx.

72

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2012-2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySelection/SelectYear.aspx.