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TOPIC VI: BIKING & WALKING ROAD SAFETY

Progress on Pedestrian Safety in the 10 Cities with the Most Pedestrian Deaths (2007-2016)

FIGURE 3.6.1A – CITIES WITH MOST PEDESTRIAN DEATHS

Footnote 59

FIGURE 3.6.1B – CITIES WITH MOST PEDESTRIAN DEATHS, CHANGES OVER TIME (2007-2016)

Footnote 60

Pedestrian Fatalities: Total & Per Commuter

Forty percent of large cities had their highest number of pedestrian fatalities in the decade between 2007 and 2016 in 2016.

Most large cities saw the average number of pedestrian fatalities rise over the last decade (34 out of 50) and the rate of pedestrian fatalities per 10,000 people who walk to work rise over the last decade (31 out of 50). Worse pedestrian fatality statistics were also seen in the other cities reviewed for the Benchmarking Report, with 11 out of the 19 other cities reporting worse statistics over time.

FIGURE 3.6.2A – PEDESTRIAN FATALITIES: TOTAL & PER COMMUTER, LARGE CITIES

Footnote 61

FIGURE 3.6.2B – PEDESTRIAN FATALITIES: TOTAL & PER COMMUTER, SMALL OR MID-SIZED CITIES

Footnote 62

Pedestrian Fatalities: As a Percent of All Traffic Fatalities & Per Capita

FIGURE 3.6.3A – PEDESTRIAN FATALITIES: AS A PERCENT OF ALL TRAFFIC FATALITIES & PER CAPITA, LARGE CITIES

Footnote 63

FIGURE 3.6.3B – PEDESTRIAN FATALITIES: AS A PERCENT OF ALL TRAFFIC FATALITIES & PER CAPITA, SMALL OR MID-SIZED CITIES

Footnote 64

Nationally, bicyclist and pedestrian fatalities combined make up approximately 15% of all traffic fatalities. In the cities reviewed for the Benchmarking Report, almost all cities had more than 15% of traffic fatalities attributable to pedestrian fatalities (44 out of 50 large cities and 17 out of 19 other cities). The percentage of traffic fatalities comprised of pedestrian fatalities increased in most cities reviewed for the Benchmarking Report (34 out of 50 large cities and 12 out of 19 other cities).

Progress on Bicyclist Safety in the 10 Cities with the Most Bicyclist Deaths (2007-2016)

FIGURE 3.6.4A – CITIES WITH MOST BICYCLIST DEATHS

Footnote 65

FIGURE 3.6.4B – CITIES WITH MOST BICYCLIST DEATHS, CHANGES OVER TIME (2007-2016)

Footnote 66

Bicyclist Fatalities: Total & Per Commuter

FIGURE 3.6.5A – BICYCLIST FATALITIES: TOTAL & PER COMMUTER, LARGE CITIES

Footnote 67

FIGURE 3.6.5B – BICYCLIST FATALITIES: TOTAL AND PER COMMUTER, SMALL OR MID-SIZED CITIES

Footnote 68

Bicyclist fatality data in the cities reviewed for the Benchmarking Report looks better than pedestrian fatality data. While most large cities (27 out of 50) had an increase in the average number of bicyclist fatalities between 2007-2011 and 2012-2016, the rate of bicyclist fatalities per 10k people who bike to work fell in most large cities (33 out of 50).

Bicyclist Fatalities: As a Percent of All Traffic Fatalities & Per Capita

FIGURE 3.6.6A – BICYCLIST FATALITIES: AS A PERCENT OF ALL TRAFFIC FATALITIES & PER CAPITA, LARGE CITIES

Footnote 69

FIGURE 3.6.6B – BICYCLIST FATALITIES: AS A PERCENT OF ALL TRAFFIC FATALITIES & PER CAPITA, SMALL OR MID-SIZED CITIES

Footnote 70

Bicyclist fatalities as a percentage of all traffic fatalities can be a statistic that says as much about the mix of traffic types in a city as it does about bicyclist safety. For example, Minneapolis has one of the five highest shares of bicyclist fatalities as a percentage of all traffic fatalities, but also has one of the ten best rates of bicyclist fatalities per 10k people who bike to work. Taken together, this data suggests that Minneapolis is a safer city for all road users, with a relatively safe bicyclist population that also should be a safety priority given its share of traffic fatalities. In other cities, such as Oklahoma City, wide variations in data are likely related to a relatively small population of people who bike and the lower percentage of traffic fatalities comprised of bicyclists may reflect that many people do not feel safe while bicycling.

Safety in Numbers: Biking

FIGURE 3.6.7 – SAFETY IN NUMBERS: BIKING

Footnote 71

Safety in Numbers: Walking

FIGURE 3.6.8 – SAFETY IN NUMBERS: WALKING

Footnote 72

The evidence-base for the effect of “Safety in Numbers” is discussed in Chapter III: Make Your Case Section II: Safe Transportation. While the relationship between the number of people biking or walking and their relative safety has been established by research, there is ongoing work about the “ dosage” necessary to gain a benefit from safety in numbers and how varying “ dosages” may impact safety. The figures here should not be interpreted to suggest specific relationships between rates of bicycling or walking to work and safety, but generally show the relationship between the two statistics.

59

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx

60

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and American Community Survey Tables B08006 and B01003 5-year estimates (2011 and 2016).

61

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

62

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

63

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

64

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

65

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx

66

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and American Community Survey Tables B08006 and B01003 5-year estimates (2011 and 2016).

67

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

68

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 5-year estimate (2011 and 2016).

69

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

70

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2007- 2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySection/SelectYear.aspx and U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 5-year estimate (2016).

71

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2012-2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySelection/SelectYear.aspx.

72

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Query of Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) database for City and Person Type (2012-2016). Available at https://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov//QueryTool/QuerySelection/SelectYear.aspx.