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TOPIC III: PUBLIC HEALTH INDICATORS

Percent of Population that is Overweight or Has Obesity

FIGURE 1.3.1 – PERCENT OF POPULATION THAT IS OVERWEIGHT OR HAS OBESITY

Footnote 24

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of the person’s height in meters. 25 When using pounds and inches, a conversion factor is used. BMI is often used as a screening tool. It is not a diagnostic tool that assesses the health of an individual. For adults, BMI is interpreted into weight status categories: underweight, normal or healthy weight, overweight, and obese. People who have obesity, compared to people with normal or healthy weight, are at an increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions. 26

Percent of Population that has Diabetes or Hypertension

FIGURE 1.3.2 – PERCENT OF US POPULATION WHO HAS DIABETES OR HYPERTENSION

Footnote 27

Physical Activity Over Time

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services  first issued physical activity guidelines in 2008 to provide “evidence-based advice on how physical activity can help promote health and reduce the risk of chronic disease.” Updated guidelines were published in 2018 with additional evidence about “Immediate and longer term benefits for how people feel, function, and sleep” and that “even short episodes of physical activity are beneficial.” You can learn more here: https://health.gov/paguidelines/second-edition/.

The minimum aerobic physical activity guideline is defined as moderate intensity physical activity for 150 minutes per week or more, or vigorous intensity physical activity for 75 minutes per week or more, or an equivalent combination.

The high aerobic physical activity guideline is defined as moderate intensity physical activity for 300 minutes per week or more, or vigorous intensity physical activity for 150 minutes per week or more, or an equivalent combination.

FIGURE 1.3.3 – PHYSICAL ACTIVITY BY ADULTS OVER TIME

Footnote 28

24

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics Table 058. Available at https://cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2017.htm?search=Obesity/overweight,

25

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. About Adult BMI (last updated August 29, 2017). Available at https://cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html.

26

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity (last updated June 5, 2015). Available at https://www.cdc. gov/healthyweight/effects/index.html.

27

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics Table 053. Available at https://cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2017.htm.

28

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Available at https://cdc.gov/physicalactivity/downloads/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-physical-activity-508.pdf