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TOPIC II: OVERVIEW OF KEY FEDERAL BENCHMARKS ON BIKING & WALKING

There are clear regional differences in rates of bicycling and walking to work. States in the northeast and in the Pacific northwest tend to have higher rates of bicycling and walking to work. States in the south tend to have lower rates of bicycling and walking to work.

Many of the key federal benchmarks show differences over time that point toward uneven progress and the potential for states to grow further apart in these key benchmarks.

According to the rates of fatalities per bicycle or pedestrian commuters, the safest states have some of the highest rates   of getting safer and the most dangerous states have some of the highest rates of getting more dangerous. This divergence suggests that there will continue to be large differences between states and regions for people bicycling and walking.

According to data from the Federal Highway Administration, states that spent the most on bicycling and walking projects having some of the largest decreases in the amount spent per capita. This is one benchmark that shows signs of convergence with some of the states that spent the least per capita having some of the largest increases.

This section includes charts that are sorted by the data provided to help visualize differences between states.

FIGURE 2.2.1 – SHARE OF COMMUTERS WHO WALK OR BIKE TO WORK

Footnote 1

FIGURE 2.2.2a – LEVELS OF BICYCLING & WALKING TO WORK IN THE UNITED STATES
FIGURE 2.2.2b – LEVELS OF BICYCLING & WALKING TO WORK IN THE UNITED STATES

Footnote 2

FIGURE 2.2.3 – RATES OF BICYCLING & WALKING ROAD SAFETY

Footnotes 3 4 5

FIGURE 2.2.4 – SPENDING ON BIKING & WALKING & PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

Footnotes 6 7 8

1

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/ index.xhtml

2

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/ index.xhtml

3

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 1-year estimates (2007-2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/ jsf/pages/index.xhtml

4

National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA). Persons Killed, by STATE and Person Type – State: USA, Year (2007-2016). Available at https:// www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/States/StatesCrashesAndAllVictims.aspx.

5

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 1-year estimates (2007-2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/ jsf/pages/index.xhtml and National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA). Persons Killed, by STATE and Person Type – State: USA, Year (2007-2016). Available at https:// www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/States/StatesCrashesAndAllVictims.aspx.

6

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B08006 1-year estimates (2007-2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/ jsf/pages/index.xhtml and National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA). Persons Killed, by STATE and Person Type – State: USA, Year (2007-2016). Available at https:// www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/States/StatesCrashesAndAllVictims.aspx.

7

Federal Highway Fiscal Management Information System Data (2007, 2013-2016). U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey Table B01003 3-year estimate and 3-year average (2007, 2013-2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

8

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (2011 and 2015). Available at https://cdc.gov/cdi/.