TOPIC III: DEMOGRAPHICS OF ACTIVE TRANSPORTATION COMMUTERS

The Benchmarking Report began looking at over- or under-representation of people of color and low-income commuters among those who walk to work or take transit to work in 2016.

The Benchmarking Report has not included bicycling to work in this analysis because demographic data on who rides a bicycle to work is not available in tabular data at the city level. The Census Bureau produced some national demographics data about who bikes to work in 2014. 20 Data regarding women bicycling to work is available and reported in Figure 3.4.5.

For national demographic data, please see Section 1.2 Nation: Demographics of Active Transportation.

Low Income Commuters & Walking to Work

Footnotes 21 22 23

Low Income Commuters & Taking Transit to Work

Footnotes 27 28 29

Commuters of Color & Walking to Work

Footnotes 33 34 35

Commuters of Color & Taking Transit to Work

Footnotes 36 37 38

Women Biking & Walking to Work

Footnote 41

Footnote 42

20

Brian McKenzie. U.S. Census Bureau. Modes Less Traveled – Bicycling and Walking to Work in the United States: 2008-2012 (2014). Available at https://www.census.gov/prod/2014pubs/acs-25.pdf

21

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

22

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B17001 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, low-income refers to workers making 150% of the federal poverty level or less).

23

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08122 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

24

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

25

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B17001 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, low-income refers to workers making 150% of the federal poverty level or less).

26

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08122 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

27

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

28

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B17001 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, low-income refers to workers making 150% of the federal poverty level or less).

29

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08122 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

30

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

31

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B17001 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, low-income refers to workers making 150% of the federal poverty level or less).

32

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08122 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.

33

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

34

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08105H 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, “People of Color” refers to all persons who are not “White Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino”).

35

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

36

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08105H 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, “People of Color” refers to all persons who are not “White Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino”).

37

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

38

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08105H 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, “People of Color” refers to all persons who are not “White Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino”).

39

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 1-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/ pages/index.xhtml.

40

U.S. Census Bureau. ACS Table B08105H 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. (For the purpose of this chart, “People of Color” refers to all persons who are not “White Alone, Not Hispanic or Latino”).

41

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml.

42

U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey (ACS) Table B08006 5-year estimate (2016). Available at https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/nav/1st/pages/index.xhtml.