citations in endnotes

Equity

By Ken Mcleod | August 7, 2020
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In this section, the Benchmarking Report discusses socioeconomic and other characteristics of people who bike, walk, and work on bicycling- and walking-related issues. Included are numerous charts on the work of cities and other agencies to address needs of different socioeconomic groups through bicycling- and walking-related work and to look at the importance of women…

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Engaged Public

By Ken Mcleod | August 7, 2020
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In this section, the Benchmarking Report examines who is involved in promoting bicycling and walking and how institutions engage citizens in transportation decision-making. As part of understanding the engagement process in bicycle and pedestrian planning, this section explores city and state goals related to biking and walking as reported in past Benchmarking Reports. Use this…

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Funding And Financing Transportation

By Ken Mcleod | August 7, 2020
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In this section, the Benchmarking Report discusses recent experiences with increased federal funding for biking and walking projects, state systems for financing and funding projects, local efforts to boost spending on biking and walking, and challenges to funding biking and walking projects. Use this section to learn how bicycling and walking projects are funded and…

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Laws To Promote Biking & Walking

By Ken Mcleod | August 6, 2020
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IN THIS SECTION, THE BENCHMARKING REPORT EXPLORES THE EFFECTS OF TRAFFIC LAWS AND ENFORCEMENT ON BICYCLING AND WALKING. THESE INCLUDE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS OF TRAFFIC LAWS MEANT TO PROTECT PEOPLE WHO BIKE AND WALK, WAYS THAT SOME LAWS RESTRICT BIKING AND WALKING, AND ENFORCEMENT EFFORTS THAT HAVE IMPACTED PEOPLE WHO BIKE AND WALK. Use this section…

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Effective Transportation Governance

By Ken Mcleod | August 6, 2020
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IN THIS SECTION, THE BENCHMARKING REPORT LOOKS AT THE GOVERNANCE OF AGENCIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION PLANNING, CONSTRUCTION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE. THIS INCLUDES DETAILED LOOKS AT SEVERAL FEDERAL TRANSPORTATION FUNDING PROGRAMS. Use this section to discover mechanisms and programs used by federal transportation agencies to fund bicycling and walking projects. Making the Case: Understanding Transportation Governance…

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Infrastructure For Physical Activity

By Ken Mcleod | August 6, 2020
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IN THIS SECTION, THE BENCHMARKING REPORT EXPLORES HOW AND WHETHER INFRASTRUCTURE FOR BICYCLING AND WALKING IS PROVIDED. THIS INCLUDES THE TYPES OF PEOPLE SERVED BY BICYCLING AND WALKING INFRASTRUCTURE AND WAYS THAT THE BENCHMARKING REPORT HAS TRACKED INFRASTRUCTURE OVER TIME. Use this section to learn about different types of bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure and ways…

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Connected Routes

By Ken Mcleod | August 5, 2020
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IN THIS SECTION, THE BENCHMARKING REPORT DISCUSSES TOPIC THAT LOOK AT CHANGING PERCEPTIONS ABOUT THE APPROPRIATE GOALS FOR TRANSPORTATION BY STRESSING CONNECTIVITY AND/OR ACCESSIBILITY OVER LONG-HELD METRIC OF MOBILITY. THIS GENERALLY MEANS PROMOTING TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS THAT PROVIDE MORE WAYS TO ACCESS PLACES WITHIN COMMUNITIES WITHIN A REASONABLE TIME RATHER THAN NETWORKS THAT MOVE PEOPLE FASTER…

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Strong Economies

By Ken Mcleod | August 5, 2020
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IN THIS SECTION, THE BENCHMARKING REPORT LOOKS AT THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN BICYCLING AND WALKING, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, AND INCENTIVES FOR BIKING AND WALKING TO WORK THIS DISCUSSION INCLUDES HOW ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CAN LEAD TO GENTRIFICATION AND THE DISPLACEMENT OF CURRENT RESIDENTS. Use this section to become more informed about how bicycling and walking are promoted as…

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Prioritizing Bicyclist & Pedestrian Safety In Traffic Safety Efforts

By Ken Mcleod | August 5, 2020
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Topic 1 – The Case for Making the Best of Limited Safety Data on Biking & Walking The Benchmarking Report discusses bicycling and walking safety, not general road safety. Bicycling and walking safety is a lens for general road safety because people who bike and walk are some of the most vulnerable road users, and…

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U.S. Movements For Zero Road Deaths

By Ken Mcleod | July 29, 2020
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The state of road safety in the United States has led to several distinct movements organized around the concept that all traffic deaths are preventable and that the only acceptable number of traffic deaths is zero. The concept of framing traffic safety in this way and pursuing an approach that can achieve the goal of zero…

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